|1.||On wood, bark (incl. Erica, Vaccinum)||2|
|1*||On remnants of herbs (inkl. Rubus)||50|
|1**||On remnants of grasses||70|
|1***||On leaves of trees or shrubs incl. Rubus (leaves of herbs and grasses: 1* or 1**)||120|
|2.||Ascus reaction rr||3|
|2*||Ascus reaction bb||5|
|2**||Ascus reaction negativ||45|
|2***||Ascus reaction rb, margin cells conspicious, 35-100 Ám, hyaline, KOH negative, Sp. 8-14 x 2,8-3,5 Ám, underneath rotten Quercus logs in winter||M. elegantior|
|3.||Sp. 7-10 x 2,5-3,2 Ám, growing ▒ submers, marginal cells inconspicuous||M. "dextrinoidea"|
|3*||Sp. 9-12 x 2,2-3 Ám, not submers||M. Malaval|
|5.||Subhymenium (text. intr.) built of brownish and loosely arranged hyphae (at least in mature apo., needs sometimes several preparations), sp. 6-13 x 2,5-3,3 Ám, oil 0(+), KOH-||M. lividofusca|
|(when spores 20-28 µm long: see 40*)|
|According to LEGAL & MANGENOT, M. fallax could be distinguished by flat, discinoid apothecia, smooth excipulum and shorter spores with oil drops.
|5*||Subhymenium built of hyaline hyphae||7|
|7.||Marginal cells very conspicuous, evidently > 50 Ám, blackish-brown and mostly encrusted and KOH-reaction always strongly lemon-yellow.||8|
|7*||Marginal cells less conspicuous, KOH-reaction yellow or negative||10|
|8.||Sp. 6-9 x 2-2,8 Ám, oil 2(+), asci without croziers||M. rosae|
|8*||Sp. 9-14 x 2,2-3 Ám, oil 3-4, asci with croziers, on Prunus spinosa||M. prunicola|
|8**||Sp. 6-12,5 x 1,8-2,5 Ám, oil 0, asci with croziers, apo. up to 7 mm diam., semihypogaeic on rotten Quercus truncs (often together with Dasyscyphella nivea)||M. perelegans|
|10.||KOH-reaction ▒ distinctly yellow||12|
|GAL:||KOH unknown, spores (8)10-23,5 x 1,5-2,5 Ám, oil unknown, probably appr. 2, medulla built of parallel, densly woven hyphae||M. caesia|
|12.||Oil 2-3(4) (compare also 7 u. 7*)||15|
|12**||Oil either 1 (many very tiny droplets) or 1,5-2 (several bigger drops), if 1 then IKI bb 3, if 1,5-2 than IKI bb 1-2, apo. shortly (blackish) stipitate||M. perparvula|
|Two specimens in H (PAK 2922, 2930) are identical according to HUHTINEN, but seem to be clearly distinct to me.
|15.||Sp. 13-18(20) x 3,5-4,2 Ám, outside the ascus with 1-3 septae (exs.)||M. ulicis (ss. PRIOU)|
|15*||Sp. more narrow and shorter, even when mature with max. 1 septum||16|
|16.||Sp. (9?)10-15 x 2,2-3,2 Ám, Q > 4 (in average), apo. ▒ patellate, cup-shaped, generally blueish-grey, subicular hyphae up to 6 Ám broad||M. fusca|
|16*||Sp. idem, but oil only 1-2, marginal cells greybrown and quite conspicuous, growing only in spring, on Fagus-cupules (sometimes on small twigs), often together with Brunnipila fuscescens, Capitotricha fagiseda und Lachnum virgineum||M."fagicola"|
|SVR:||Sp. 10-15 x 3,5-4,5 Ám, oil 1-2: small drops accumulated in the polar ends of the spore, marginal cells long, KOH perhaps positve
|17.||Sp. 2-3 µm broad||18|
|17*||Sp. more then 3 µm broad||19|
|18.||Sp. 6-8(9) x 2-2,8 µm, oil 0-1||M. "pyrenopezizoides"|
|On Rubus idaeus, without croziers compare M. alcalireagens Svrcek
|18*||Sp. 8-12,5 x 2,2-3 Ám, oil 0+, hymenium and margo white, very moistened slightly greyish, on Prunus spinosa and Crataegus||M. "albogrisea"|
|18**||Sp. 7-10 x 1,5-2,2 Ám, oil ca. 1, hymenium bluish-grey, with conspicuous blackish margo, marginal cells conspicuous, on cones of Pinus||M. "neffii"|
|18***||Sp. 7,5-10 x 2,2-2,8 Ám, oil 1, apo. small, watery greyish, ash-grey, without clearly visible margo, textura ▒ angularis (to be checked!), exc. not up to margo brownish, on Picea, Larix-Zapfen, Prunus||M. "conifericola"|
|Identical seems to be PAK 4398: M. leucostigma (with ä?ô), but spores 11-13 x 2-2,2 Ám (already germinating) and margo more conspicuous. FUCKELs N. leucostigma has totally different spores and a darker margo!
|19.||Sp. 9-12 x 3-4 Ám, Q 2,6-3,8, apo. cushion-like, chalk-white, sometimes with a slight greyish hue, without subiculum, always submers||M. uda|
|The original diagnosis of M. uda by Persoon is obviousely quite different from this species which which therefor will be published with a new name (M. pulviniformis nov. spec. ined., in prep.) According to M. NAUTA (in litt.) no authentic material is left in L.
|19*||Sp. 8-14 x 3,3-4,2 Ám, amyloid-ring (porus) T-shaped, ect. Exc. very thick (according to BARAL)||M. sericeomarginata|
|SVR:||KOH-Reaktion yellow ???, Sp. 10-15 x 3,5-4,5 Ám, oil 1 (and more?), Apo. not submers||M. sericeomarginata|
|20.||Sp. already in the ascus 1-3-septated, 10-16 x 3,2-4,5 Ám, oil 0, in IKI with weakly red sheath (?), on thick blackish subiculum||M. "karkanoszeae"|
|further collections by H.O. BARAL from Spain and ThŘringen.
|20*||Sp. already in the ascus 1-septated, 10-16 x 3-3,5 Ám, oil 0,5-1, without subiculum||M. "septispora"|
|20**||Ejected sp. always with septae, oil >2,5||21|
|20***||Ejected sp. not with septae (or rarely when overmature, before germinating)||23|
|21.||Sp. 33-56 x 2,5-4 Ám, 4-celled, oil 2-3, hymenium opalescent blueish, on Calluna-roots at the base of dying plants, subhypogaeic||Belonopsis obscura|
|21*||Sp. 11-18 x 2,5-3,5, 0-2-4-celled, oil 4-5, hymenium olive-greenish, drying yellowish (like mustard), usually growing in very wet places, sometimes submers||M. ventosa|
|23.||Cells of the ect. exc. only at the apo-base brownish (apo. adhered ▒ punctiform )||24|
|23*||Cells of the ect. exc. ▒ up to the margo brownish coloured||27|
|24.||Apo. watery-grey, breaking through the cortex in fascicles, sp. 8-12 x 2-3, oil 2 (always?)||M. benesuada|
|Many quite similar specimens have been observed and the problem in delimitation of the speices seem to be following two points: Is the ect. exc. always (sub)hyaline and must M. benesuada grow fasciculated?
|24*||Apo. amber-coloured, singly growing, sp. 8,5-11 x 2-2,5, oil 0, IKI bb 1(-2), on Rubus idaeus||M. "amberina"|
|Provisional species of H.O. BARAL
|24**||Sp. 5-9(10) x 1,5-2,5 Ám, cells of the ect. Exc. only ochraceous, often some coloured cells up to the margo, exclusive on Alnus-cones||M. amenticola|
|27.||oil content 0(+)||30|
|27*||oil content appr. 2||35|
|27**||oil content 3-4+||40|
|GAL:||Oil unknown, probably appr. 2, sp. (8)10-23,5 x 1,5-2,5 Ám, medulla built of parallel, dense hyphae, KOH unknown||M. caesia|
|GAL:||Oil unknown, probably <1, sp. 6-10(11) x 1-1,7 Ám||M. cinereo-olivascens|
|30.||Sp. 5-9(10) x 1,5-2,5 Ám, ekt. exc. only ochreous, on Alnus-cones||M. amenticola|
|30*||Ect. Exc. darker brown||31|
|31.||On cones of conifers, Sp. 6-14 x 2-3,2 Ám, subhymenium always hyaline||M. strobilicola|
|doubtful species and never found by me! All collections labelled M. strobilicola have been found to be identical with M. lividofusca (see 5.), because of the coloured subhymenium.
|32.||sp. usually not exceeding 10 Ám, at least in average||33|
|32*||sp. usually not < 10 Ám, at least in average||34|
|SVR:||sp. 8,5-12 x 1,7-2 Ám [dead?], oil <1: tiny guttules in every end, apo. greish-white, thick, submers in mountain rivulets, on Fagus||M. rivularis|
|A collection by H.O. BARAL und own findings showed sometimes blue-greyish apothecia.
Type is being examined at the moment
|33.||sp. 7-12 x 2,5-3 Ám, on wood, marginal cells not conspicuous||M. cinerea|
|33*||sp. 7,5-9 x 1,8-2 Ám on Rubus-cains (exclusively?), marginal cells long and conspicuous, with clavate last cell, paraphyses sublanceolate||M. clavata|
|SVR:||Sp. 5,5-10 x 2 Ám [NH4OH], oil 0, excipulum with olive-greenish colour (al least in NH4OH)||M. olivaceo-cinerea|
|Coll. JPP9851 (PRIOU) keyed out here and belongs probably to the M. atrata complex.
|GAL:||sp. 6-8,7-10(12) x 1,5-2 Ám (exs., in BWB). KOH unknown||M. cinerella Sacc.|
|GAL:||sp. (5)6-8-10(11) x 1,7-2,2 Ám (exs. in BWB). KOH unknown||M. undulato-depressula|
|34.||Auf Picea abiesOn Picea abies, sp. 9-14 x 2,5-3 Ám, hymenium blueish-grey, with strong blackish subiculum||M. "subcinerella"|
|several collections made by LAGERSTRÍM in H sub M. melaleucoides could be identical. Sp. 8,5-12 x 2-3 Ám, oil 0-0,5(1), marginal cells hyaline at the margo and very long (up to 60 Ám), below the Margo vesicular, brownish.
M. melaleucoides ss. KARSTEN is M. lividofusca.
|34*||sp. 12-16 x 2,5-3 Ám, oil 0-0,5, marginal hairs long and claviform, hence the margo delicately ciliate (KOH perhaps +, collection overmature)||M. cf. villosa|
|Fund JPP 9852 (PRIOU) keys out here, but has a different Aufbau (medullary exc. lacking) as 34* and reminds a äHaglundiaô.
|SVR:||On decorticated coniferous wood, sp. 7-12(15) x 3-3,5 Ám [dead], oil 0 or with one small droplet in each end, with blackish granulae in the hymenium when mounted in Melzerĺs reagens||M. ponticulorum|
|35.||Sp. 9-16(19) x 2,5-3,2 Ám, with two big drops in each end (+ sometimes few more smaller drops, hymenium light ochraceous, never (?) grey or blackish, corticol (always?)||M. discolor|
|How to classify collections with spores only up to 11(12) Ám ???
|35*||Sp. 8-12 x 2,8-3,5 Ám, oil 2, with several not too big drops, hymenium whitish, at most pale creme-coloured, mainly occuring in spring (?)||M. melaleuca|
|35**||Sp. 12-15 x 3, oil 3, germinating by conidia, on wood, with ▒ rich subiculum (according to H.O. BARAL)||M. cinerella|
|40.||Sp. 12-15 x 2,3-2,8 Ám, oil 4, hymenium blueish-grey, on Vaccinium uliginosum (according to H.O. BARAL)||M. "vacinii"|
|40*||Sp. 20-28 x 2,5-3,2 Ám, oil 5, hymenium ochraceous, always (?) with cristals in the medulla, subhymenium generally with ochraceous hyphae||M. ramealis|
|40**||Sp. 11-18 x 2,5-3,5 Ám, oil 4-5, hymenium olivaceous-greenish, drying ochre-yellowish (like mustard) sp. mature (only overmature?) often with 1(-3) septae||M. ventosa|
|45.||Sp. 35-49 x 2,2-3 Ám, up to 8-celled, on Erica arborea||M. ericae|
|45*||sp. shorter and without septae||46|
|46.||sp. 2-3 µm broad||47|
|46*||sp. 1,2-2 µm broad||48|
|47.||marginal cells (dark) brown, 2-4-celled, end cell ▒ clavate, apo. drought-resistent, not fasciculate, sp. 6-10 x 2-3 Ám, oil 1(+)||M. ligni|
|47*||marginal cells subhyalin, end cells nearly cylindrical, apo. fasciculate, sp. (7)8-10(12) x 2,2- 3 Ám . oil 1(-2)||M. depressula|
|concept is based on M. depressula/inexula (PAK 4373). To be verified which name is to be used. A recent collection made by STAUB seems identical in all respects.
|SVR:||SVR: Sp. 7-9 x 2,5-3 Ám [living], generally septated, oil ca. 1 (biguttulate), globose cells yellow coloured and this pigment soluble, apo. olive(yellowish-)greenish||M. viridula|
|perhaps only an overmature collection of ... ???
|48.||Sp. 5-6,8 x 1,2-1,8 Ám, apothecia fasciculate, on ?stromatised wood||M. caespiticia|
|48*||Sp. 3,5-5,5 x 1,2-1,8 Ám (PAK 4406: 5-7,5 x 1,8-2,2, if identical?), apo. not fasciculate, marginal cells ▒ conspicuous, subhyaline, KOH -||M. sublividula (PAK 4408)|
|in PAK (H) are 3 collections of M. sublividula, one of them is a Cistella spec., the other two are not clearly identical.
|50.||oil content of sp. 2||51|
|50*||oil content of sp. 0-1||56|
|51.||Sp. 11-13 x 1,5-2 Ám, oil 2-3, consisting of small droplets, on Eupatorium and Senecio fuchsii||M. coerulans|
|51*||Sp. broader than 2 Ám and x or shorter then 11 Ám||52|
|52.||52 KOH-reaction clearly yellow, sp. 8-11 x 1,8-2,5 (exs.), oil 2-3, apo. without cristals||M. cf. polygoni|
|53.||Sp. 8-11 x 1,8-2,2 (exs.), oil 2-3, consisting of small droplets, on Polygonum||M. polygoni|
|Fund WU 8580: Sp. 7-10 x 1,8-2,2 (exs.), oil 3+, consisting of few bigger, confluent drops.|
|53*||sp. > 14 µm||54|
|54.||Sp. 14-19 x 2-2,5(3) Ám, oil 2-3, consisting of small and bigger drops, on Solidago virgaurea||M. "solidaginis"|
|54*||Sp. 17-23 x 3-4 Ám (Exs.!), oil 2-3, consisting of small droplets, on Petasites||M. solidaginis (ss. Br/Kr)|
|56.||marginal cells inconspicuous, without remarkable features||57|
|56*||marginal cells somehow remarkable, conspicuous||60|
|57.||Sp. 6-11 x 1,5-2,2 Ám, oil 1(+), few small droplets in one ore both ends, KOH indistictly + (dissolving quickly)||M. revincta|
|57*||Sp. same, oil 1(-), KOH absolute negativ (?), only on Filipendula (?) M. ?revincta||54|
|57 und 57* sind höchstwarscheinlich konspezifisch.
|SVR:||SVR: reaction with NH4OH und KOH 10% strongly yellow, sp. 6-9 x 1,5-2 Ám [living?], oil 0,5-1: tiny droplets in one end (also in both?), ends of the spore rounded, on Rubus (only?)||M. alcalireagens|
|differences to M. äpyrenopezizoidesô ? (see 18.)
|60.||Sp. 8,5-11 x 2-2,5 Ám, oil 0 (?), apo. diam. up to 3 mm, marginal cells often utriform (constant feature?), KOH -||M. adenostylidis|
|60*||sp. 7,5-9 x 1,8-2 Ám on Rubus-cains (exclusively?), marginal cells long and conspicuous, with clavate last cell||M. clavata|
|SVR:||Sp. 5-8 x 1,3-1,5 Ám, oil ca. 1: biguttulate, KOH ???, marginal cells hyalin, conspicuousely long, 1-2-celled||M. potentillae-erectae|
|most probably a Pyrenopeziza species
|SVR:||NH4OH-reaction yellow, sp. 5-7 x 1,8 dead?], apo. yellow when bruising, margo ciliate, marginal cells conspicuous and partly granulate (?), upper part of the hymenium with amyloid granula||M. flavescens
|70.||Hymenium and medulla with lilac reaction when adding KOH, sp. 6-9 x 1,2-1,8 Ám, hymenium fresh orange, on Zea mais||M. "aurantioviolascens"|
|Only one collection (J.-P. PRIOU). Same reaction as in Scutomollisia russea und Sc. purpurea, but no scutum and much smaller spores.
RAITVIIR (in litt.) is already planning a description as nov. spec. on a collection sent to him by F. CANDOUSSEAU from Phyllistachys (bamboo).
|70*||no violet reaction when adding KOH||80|
|80.||On Phragmites communis||81|
|80*||On other grasses||85|
|81.||apo. with big masses of cristals in the ent. Exc. and the medulla||82|
|81*||apo. without cristals||84|
|82.||Sp. (2-)4-celled, 26-31 x 3-4 Ám (from exs.)||M. mediella|
|Exs. Vestergren 1764 (= Trichobelonium distinguendum Sydow)
|82*||Sp. 1(-2) celled, shorter and narrower||83|
|83.||Sp. 15-24(29) x 2,5-3,2 Ám, oil 3(+), hymenium yellow(ish), drying orange-ochraceous, Apo. ▒ pulvinat, up to 6 mm diam., thick, KOH-reaktion yellow (always? not in exs.?)||M. retincola|
|83*||Sp. 8-12(15) x 2,2-3,2 Ám, oil 1-2, hymenium grey, blackish-grey, apo. ▒ flat, patelliform, KOH-Reaktion only in fresh collections short but distinctly yellow, in overmature or dried collections normally not longer visible, marginal cells vesiculare, inconspicuous||M. hydrophila|
|also collections without any trace of subicular hyphae and/or cristals and/or slightly smaller and narrower spores (transition vs. M. palustris-group?).
identical is M. epitypha Karsten.
|84.||Sp. 6,5-8,5 x (1)1,2-1,5 Ám, oil 0,5-1, consisting of 1 small and a few very tiny droplets, scattered through the whole spore (exsiccate, living too?), marginal cells conspicuous, big, brwonish up to the margo, end cells claviform, 15-22 x 5-8 Ám||M. evilescens (type)|
|identical is M. simillima Karsten.
|84*||Sp. 6,5-8,5 x 1,8-2,2 Ám, oil 0-1 (few tiny droplets), marginal cells subhyaline, vesiculare, up to ca. 10 x 8 Ám (growing on Phragmites to verify)||M. palustris (type)|
|The problems within this complex are big: on the one hand the types are quite distinct, on the other hand are recent findings of these äspeciesô not too rare and the hiatus between the types disappeares. Until now I have seen only one or two recent collection which corresponds to the type of M. evilescens appr. 100%, but many collections which have to be located between M. evilescens and M. palustris.
LE GAL & MANGENOT describe a (lecto-)type of M. palustris, which probably belongs better to M. evilescens (small spores, marginal cells)
|85.||Sp. 4-5,5 x 1 Ám, paraphyses 3,5 Ám, slightly broader than the asci, KOH+||M. caricina|
|85*||Paraphyses narrower then the asci and/or sp. otherwise||86|
|86.||Sp. multiseptate in turgescent asci||88|
|86*||Sp. not septate, except sometimes before germinating and then not in living asci||100|
|85.||ascus pore red in IKI||90|
|85*||ascus pore blue in IKI||95|
|90.||In mature, turgeszent asci sp. 4-6-celled, 30-42 x 4,3-5,2 Ám (acc. to H.O. BARAL)||Niptera pulla|
|Exs. JAKLITSCH: sp. 27-34 x 4,5-5,2 Ám
|90*||In mature, turgeszent asci sp. 2-4-celled, < 4,2 Ám broad||92|
|92.||Sp. (25)30-40 x 3-4 Ám, (2)4-celled, constricted at the septae, asci up to 160 Ám long, ect. Exc. dark brown||Niptera pilosa|
|92*||Sp. 36-46 x 2,5-3,5 Ám, 4-celled, not constricted at the septae, asci up to 80-90 Ám long, acc. to H.O. BARAL ect. Exc. ochraceous||Niptera filispora|
|95.||without croziers, sp. 47-53 x 3,5-4 Ám, oil 4,5-5, KOH negative||Belonium asteroma|
|95*||asci with croziers and/or sp. smaller||96|
|96.||Sp. 17-21 x 5-5,5 Ám, ciborioid, with IKI sporewall red (but no gelified sheath!), KOH strong yellow||Niptera lacustris|
|96*||KOH-Reaktion negative, sp. without red reaction in IKI||97|
|97.||sp. 16-17 x 2,5-3 Ám, oil 3, KOH negativ||Niptera submelaena|
|97*||sp. 18-22 x 5-7,5 µm, long elliptical, with 1 thick septum already in living ascus, oil 2, paraphyses filiform and +/- forked||Nimbomollisia eriophori|
|100.||ascus pore IKI rr, sp. 12-16 x 2-2,2 Ám (Exs.!), oil 2-3, KOH -, anchoring hyphae 1,5-2,5 Ám broad||M. spec.006|
|100*||IKI negativ, medulla with cristals, KOH strong yellow, sp. 14-17 x 2,8-3 Ám (2nd collection 19-24 x 2,5-3,2 Ám)||M. phalaridis|
|100**||ascus pore blue in IKI||101|
|101.||KOH + (only fresh ?!), sp. 8-12(15) x 2,2-3,2 Ám, oil 0,5-1(2), with cristals||M. hydrophila|
|Identical is M. epithypha Karsten.
|SVR:||NH4OH+, sp. 6,5-10 x 1,5-1,8 Ám [dead], slightly scutuloid, oil 0||M. citrinopigmentosa|
|SVR:||sp. 6-7,5 x 1,5-2 [dead], oil 0, with amyloid granula in the hymenium (probably KOH-)||M. amyloidea|
|SVR:||sp. 6,5-10,5 x 2 [living], oil 0 (probably KOH-)||M. epityphicola|
|101*||No cristals, KOH-reaction negative or spores smaller and narrower||103|
|103.||sSp. 12-20 x 2,5-3,5 µm||M. spec.|
|This is M. palustris in the provisional key by H.O. BARAL 1990
|105.||sp. 7-10(11) x 1,5-2,2 µm, KOH negative||M. palustris|
|non ss. LE GAL & MANGENOT ???
|SVR:||Sp. 6,5-10,5 x 2 [living], slightly scutuloid, oil 0||M. epityphicola|
|SVR:||sp. 5-12 x 2-2,5 Ám [dead], oil 0, with a covering of amyloid granula over the hymenium||M. variabilispora|
|SVR:||sp. 6-7,5 x 1,5-2 [dead], oil 0, with amyloid granula in the upper part of the hymenium||M. amyloidea|
|105*||sp. 4-8 x 1-1,3, KOH-reaction yellow, paraphyses as broad as the asci||M. caricina|
|105**||Sp. 9,5-11 x 2-2,8 Ám, KOH -, oil 1-2, ect. Exc. a dark text. prismatica)||M. juncina (ss. Br/Kr)|
|most probably not a Mollisia ss.str.
|120.||marginal cells inconspicous, not agglutinated to triangels||M. rabenhorstii|
|120*||marginal cells triangular agglutinated, very conspicuous, brownish||M. lithocarpi|
|SVR:||Sp. 13-16 x 2,5-3,5 Ám, septate (in the ascus?), KOH-reaction unknown, marginal cells subglobos and with brownish incrustations, asci IKI bb, on living mosses||M. polytrichicola|